Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Do FEMA’s, HSEEP’s, and Green’s progressively difficult emergency exercise training concepts ultimately lead to increased emergency preparedness?

Marc Glasser, MS, CPP, CEM, CHS-V, MCAS

Abstract


FEMA’s, HSEEP’s, and Green’s Exercise Alternates emergency exercise training approach models are built on the fundamental educational principle that progressively difficult emergency exercise training leads to the most effective learning and comprehension which ultimately increases emergency preparedness. This article addresses the merits of the “progressive” education principle in general and within the context of emergency exercise training programs. This article also briefly addresses emergency exercise planning and standardization, adult learning principles, and the theory of andragogy. This article concludes with an analysis based on a synthesis of the information reviewed, assertions and academic research results. The research material utilized was evaluated and selected based on the credibility of the source and its applicability to the subject material.

Keywords


emergency; exercise; training; preparedness; FEMA; Homeland Security Exercise and Evaluation Program (HSEEP); Walter Green

Full Text:

PDF

References


FEMA: Exercise Design, 1.5, 2.1, 2.3 & 2.5, 2003. FEMA’s Emergency Management Institute Web site. Available at http://training. fema.gov/EMIWeb/IS/is139lst.asp. Accessed November 12, 2007.

DHS: US Department of Homeland Security (DHS), HSEEP Training Course, Participants Manual, 1-6, 1-8, 2-16, 2-17 & H-1, n.d.

HSEEP: Homeland Security Exercise and Evaluation Program (HSEEP), HSEEP Mission & Exercise Types. Available at https:// hseep.dhs.gov. Accessed November 22, 2007.

Gebbie K, Valas J: Planning, Designing, Conducting, and Evaluating Local Public Health Emergency Exercises, New York: Columbia University Press, 2006.

Green W III: Exercise Alternatives for Training Emergency Management Command Center Staffs. Florida: Universal Publishers, 2000.

Dittrich J, Lang J: Information, skill building, and the development of competence: An educational framework for teaching business policy. Acad Manage Rev. 1982; 7(2): 276-277.

Ericsson K, Charness N: Expert performance: Its structure and acquisition. Am Psychol. 1994; 49(8): 725-727.

Farmer J, Buckmaster A, LeGrand B: Cognitive apprenticeship. New Dir Adult Contin Educ. 1992; 1992(55): 41-49.

Fry P: A consideration of cognitive factors in the learning and education of older adults. Int Rev Educ. 1992; 38(4): 318-319.

Evans G: Learning in apprenticeship courses. In Stevenson J (ed.): Cognition at Work: The Development of Vocational Expertise. Adelaide, South Australia: National Centre for Vocational Education Research, 1994: 100.

Smith P: Workplace learning and flexible delivery. Rev Educ Res. 2003; 73(1): 58.

Lindell M, Perry R: Preparedness for emergency response: Guidelines for the emergency planning process. Disasters. 2003; 27(4): 338,343,345.

Lurie N, Nelson C,Wasserman J: Assessing public health emergency preparedness: Concepts, tools, and challenges. Annu Rev of Public Health. 2007; 28: 1-18.

McCoy M: Teaching style and the application of adult learning principles by police instructors. Policing Int J Police Strategies Manage. 2006; 29(1): 78.

Alexander D: Towards the development of standards in emergency management training and education. Disaster Prevention and Management, 2003; 12(2): 113-123.

Quarantelli E: Ten criteria for evaluating the management of community disasters. Disasters. 1997; 21(1): 43.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5055/jem.2009.0019

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of Emergency Management
This site uses cookies to maintain session information critical to the user's experience and environment on this system. Click "Accept Cookies" to continue.
For more details please visit our privacy statement at: Privacy & GDPR