Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

The hybrid exercise: Transitioning from discussion-based to operations-based exercises

Ralph Renger, PhD, MEP, Jessica Wakelee, MPH, Jillian Bradshaw, MBA, MEP

Abstract


HSEEP emphasizes the importance of finding the appropriate balance between challenging players while not overwhelming them. Inherent in the transition from discussion-based to operations-based exercises is increased player stress. This transition is often overwhelming. A hybrid exercise is designed to assist exercise players in building their confidence in moving from discussing plans into testing plans and carrying out operations. It combines elements of both types of exercises with the purpose of creating a smoother transition from discussion-based to operations-based exercises. The development of a hybrid exercise is illustrated by way of a real life example. It is hoped sharing the concept of the hybrid exercise will encourage other exercise planners to examine the utility of combining elements of discussion-based and operationsbased exercises to create a smoother transition from one type to the other.

Keywords


HSEEP; exercise; planning; conduct; evaluation; hybrid

Full Text:

PDF

References


United States Department of Homeland Security: Homeland Security Exercise and Evaluation Program (HSEEP), Volume I: HSEEP overview and exercise program management. Available at https://hseep.dhs.gov/support/VolumeI.pdf. Accessed November 11, 2008.

Federal Emergency Management Agency: IS-139: Exercise Design. Emmitsburg, MD: Emergency Management Institute, 2007. Available at http://training.fema.gov/EMIWeb/IS/is139.asp. Accessed November 4, 2008.

Federal Emergency Management Agency: IS-120.A: Exercise Design. Emmitsburg, MD: Emergency Management Institute, 2002. Available at www.training.fema.gov/EMIWeb/IS/IS120A.asp. Accessed January 26, 2009.

Renger R, Jansen A, Peacock E, et al.: Using evaluation theory to augment the Homeland Security Exercise and Evaluation Program (HSEEP) guidance for evaluating operations-based exercises. J Emerg Manage. 2008; 6(3): 45-52.

Community Health Centers (CHC): Incident Command System (ICS): Functional Exercise After Action Report/ Improvement Plan. Tucson: MEP Consulting, 2008.

Stevens,T:You Can Choose To Be Happy: “Rise Above” Anxiety,Anger and Depression. Seal Beach: Wheeler-Sutton Publishing Company, 1998. Available at www.csulb.edu/~tstevens/h54confi.htm. Accessed November 15, 2008.

Dizard WP: DHS Runs TOPOFF 4 Exercise. Available at www. documentaries.ws/1/news.php?extend.39. Accessed November 2, 2008.

United States Department of Homeland Security: Target capabilities list a companion to the national preparedness guideline, 2007. Available at www.fema.gov/pdf/government/training/tcl.pdf. Accessed November 15, 2008.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5055/jem.2009.0030

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of Emergency Management
This site uses cookies to maintain session information critical to the user's experience and environment on this system. Click "Accept Cookies" to continue.
For more details please visit our privacy statement at: Privacy & GDPR