Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Disaster preparedness and educational attainment

Lauren A. Menard, EdD, Robert O. Slater, PhD, Jim Flaitz, PhD

Abstract


The relationship between level of educational attainment and degree of self-reported disaster preparedness was investigated with national 2008 data. Americans with a post-secondary degree were expected to be more prepared because of exposure to university emergency systems and because education may impact the degree to which individuals process risk-minimizing information. The χ2 procedure produced statistically significant associations between all disaster preparedness measures and post-secondary degree status. Logistic regressions confirmed associations between the dependent measures and a post-secondary degree status, with all measures producing statistically significant t values. Positive correlations between post-secondary educational attainment and measures of disaster preparedness were stronger for having an emergency plan (b = 0.789) and knowing where to get additional information (b = 0.755).

Keywords


disaster preparedness, emergency management systems, emergency notification systems, educational attainment, institutions of higher education

Full Text:

PDF

References


Horne J: Survival: How a Culture of Preparedness Can Save You and Your Family from Disasters. New York: Atria Books, 2006.

Auf der Heide E: Disaster Response: Principles of Preparation and Coordination. St. Louis: The C.V. Mosby Company, 1989.

Federal Emergency Management Agency: Personal preparedness in America: Findings from the Citizen Corps National Survey August 2009. Summary Sheet (Revised December 2009). Available at http://www.citizencorps.gov/downloads/pdf/ready/2009_Citizen%20Corps_National%20Survey_Findings_SS.pdf. Accessed October 5, 2010.

Ready America: Prepare. Plan. Stay informed; June 28, 2010. Available at http://www.ready.gov/america/index.html. Accessed June 28, 2010.

American Red Cross: Preparedness fast facts. Available at http://www.redcross.org/portal/site/en/menuitem.86f46a12f382290517a8f210b80f78a0/?vgnextoid=fc56d7aada352210VgnVCM10000089f0870aRCRD&vgnextfmt=default. Accessed June 20, 2010.

American Red Cross: Get a kit. Make a plan; 2009. Available at http://www.redcross.org/www-files/Documents/pdf/Preparedness/checklists/Be_Red_Cross_Ready.pdf. Accessed June 20, 2010.

Staman M, Katsouros M, Hach R: The multi-dimensional nature of emergency communications management. EDUCAUSE Rev. 2009; 44(1): 49-63.

Tierney KJ, Lindell MK, Perry RW: Facing the Unexpected: Disaster Preparedness and Response in the United States. Washington, DC: John Henry Press, 2001.

Nigg JM: Communications under conditions of uncertainty: Understanding earthquake forecasting. J Commun. 1982; 32(1): 27-36.

Arnett JJ: Young people’s conceptions of the transition to adulthood. Youth Soc. 1997; 29: 1-23.

Cowie, J, Popescu A, Underwood T: Impact of Hurricane Katrina on internet infrastructure; Renesys, 2005. Available at http://renesys.com/tech/presentations/pdf/Renesys-Katrina-Report-9sep2005.pdf. Accessed October 12, 2010.

Miller R: Hurricane Katrina: Communications and infrastructure impacts. In Tussing B (eds.): Threats at Our Threshold: Homeland Defense and Homeland Security in the New Century. Eisenhower National Security Series. Carlisle Barracks, PA: United States Army War College, 2007: 191-203.

Raida B, Ramiah R: Academic Public Health Community responds to Hurricane Katrina: A showcase of systems and partnership. Public Health Rep. 2005; 120(6): 688-691.

Louisiana State University: Information Technology Services: Emergency Text Messaging System; April 27, 2010. Available at http://itsweb.lsu.edu/VCIT/etxt/item8491.html. Accessed June 21, 2010.

Neustadtl A, Johnson D, Kling J. SOCY201—Introductory statistics for sociology. Available at http://www.bsos.umd.edusocy/alan/stats/socy201/handouts/SOCY201-01-Introduction-Positivism.pdf. Accessed October 9, 2010.

Smith TW, Marsden P, Hout M, et al. General social surveys, 1972- 2010 [machine-readable data file]. Available at http://sda.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/hsda?harcsda+gss08.2008. Accessed October 9, 2010.

Roper Center: General Social Survey 1972-2008. Available at http://www.ropercenter.uconn.edu/data_access/data/datasets/general_social_survey.html#overview. Accessed October 12, 2010.

SDA: Survey Documentation and Analysis; 2010. Available at http://sda.berkeley.edu/index.html. Accessed June 21, 2010.

Duffy D: What is logistic regression? StatGun Statistics Consulting; 2007. Available at http://www.statgun.com/tutorials/logistic-regression.html. Accessed June 20, 2010.

Einhorn G, Edwards A: In Preparedness Now: An Emergency Survival Guide for Civilians and Their Families. Los Angeles, CA: Process Media, 2006.

Chaumont K: How to prepare for disaster: A Seattle Times special report. The Seattle Times. Available at http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/news/local/links/disaster/prepare.pdf. Accessed June 20, 2010.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5055/jem.2011.0066

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of Emergency Management
This site uses cookies to maintain session information critical to the user's experience and environment on this system. Click "Accept Cookies" to continue.
For more details please visit our privacy statement at: Privacy & GDPR