Prairie North: A joint civilian/military mass casualty exercise highlights the role of the National Guard in community disaster response
Keywords:civilian/military, disaster, support operations, National Guard, Rush University Medical Center
AbstractIn a joint military/civilian exercise conducted in June 2010, military National Guard medical and decontamination response efforts proved to be paramount in supporting hospital resources to sustain an adequate response during a simulated terrorist event. Traditionally, hospitals include local responders in their disaster preparedness but overlook other available state and federal resources such as the National Guard. Lessons learned from the exercise included the value of regular joint disaster planning and training between the military and civilian medical sectors. Additionally, military communication and medical equipment compatibility with the civilian infrastructure was identified as one of the top areas for the improvement of this joint exercise. Involving the National Guard in community disaster planning provides a valuable medical support asset that can be critical in responding to multiple casualty events. National Guard response is inherently faster than its federal counterpart. Based on the findings from our joint exercise, states are encouraged to incorporate their corresponding National Guard in civilian critical medical infrastructure disaster preparedness activities, as the National Guard can be an integral part of the disaster response efforts in real multiple casualty events.
Huber GA, Campbell DR, Dorman KJ, et al.: Joint Readiness Center-Pittsburgh: A Model of Military-Civilian Readiness and Response. Commonwealth: J Polit Sci. 2009; 15(5): 47-60.
Grant WD, Secreti L: Joint civilian/National Guard mass casualty exercise provides model for preparedness training. Mil Med. 2007; 172(8): 806-811.
Rivers F, Speraw S, Phillips KD, et al.: A review of nurses in disaster preparedness and response: Military and civilian collaboration. J Homeland Secur Emerg Manage. 2010; 7(1): Article 61.
Robert T: Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, as Amended, and Related Authorities. FEMA 592, June 2007. FEMA, Washington, DC. Available at http://www.fema.gov/pdf/about/stafford_act.pdf. Accessed August 24, 2011.
US House of Representatives Select Bipartisan Committee to Investigate the Preparation for and Response to Hurricane Katrina: A Failure of Initiative:Final Report of the Select Bipartisan Committee to Investigate the Preparation for and Response to Hurricane Katrina. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 2006.
Department of Homeland Security: National Response Plan. Available at http://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/NRP_Brochure.pdf. Accessed August 24, 2011.
US Government Agency: What is the National Guard’s Mission? National Guard Web site. Available at http://www.nationalguard.com/what-is-the-guard/what-is-the-national-guard-s-mission. Accessed August 25, 2011.
US Government Agency: Governors Praise Passage of the Defense Bill, Say Top Priorities Addressed. Available at http://www.nga.org/cms/home/news-room/news-releases/page_2011/col2-content/maincontent-list/governors-praise-passage-of-defe.html. Accessed December 25, 2011.
Orrell J: Irene: National Guard center coordinates joint support to civilian authorities. Available at http://www.ng.mil/news/archives/2011/08/082711-Civilian.aspx. Accessed December 24, 2011.
Copyright 2007-2023, Weston Medical Publishing, LLC
All Rights Reserved