Los Angeles County and the Disaster Resource Center program


  • Richard Zoraster, MD
  • Kay Fruhwirth, MSN, RN
  • Dolores Hill, BSN, RN
  • Carolyn Meyer, MPA, RN







Author Biographies

Richard Zoraster, MD

Medical Director Hospital Preparedness Program, Los Angeles County Emergency Medical Services Agency, Commerce, California.

Kay Fruhwirth, MSN, RN

Assistant Director, Los Angeles County Emergency Medical Services Agency, Commerce, California.

Dolores Hill, BSN, RN

DRC Program Coordinator, Los Angeles County Emergency Medical Services Agency, Commerce, California.

Carolyn Meyer, MPA, RN

Director, Los Angeles County Emergency Medical Services Agency, Commerce, California.


Redmond AD: Clinical review: ABC of conflict and disaster: Natural disasters. BMJ. May 2005; 330: 1259-1261.

Waeckerle JF: Disaster planning and response. N Engl J Med. 1991; 324(12): 815-821.

Koenig KL, Dinerman N, Kuehl AE: Disaster nomenclature—a functional impact approach: The PICE system. Acad Emerg Med. 1996; 3(7): 723-727.

Vayer JS, Ten Eyck RP, Cowan ML: New concepts in triage. Ann Emerg Med. 1986; 15(8): 927-930.

American College of Emergency Physicians: The role of the emergency physician in mass casualty/disaster management. ACEP position paper. JACEP. 1976; 5(11): 901-902.

Committee on Trauma, American College of Surgeons: Statement on disaster and mass casualty management. J Am Coll Surg. 2003; 197(5): 855-856.

Pesik N, Keim ME, Iserson KV: Terrorism and the ethics of emergency medical care. Ann Emerg Med. 2001; 37(6): 642-646.

O’Toole T: Testimony on FEMA’s role in managing bioterrorist attacks and the impact of public health concerns on bioterrorism preparedness. Congressional Testimonies. Congress of the United States Senate. Government Affairs Subcommittee on International Security, Proliferation, and Federal Services. July 23, 2001.

Auf der Heide E: Disaster planning, Part II. Disaster problems, issues, and challenges identified in the research literature. Emerg Med Clin North Am. 1996; 14(2): 453-480.

American Hospital Association: Hospital Statistics 2002. Chicago: American Hospital Association, 2002.

American Hospital Association: Cracks in the Foundation: Averting a Crisis in America’s Hospitals. American Hospital Association Web site. Available at www.aha.org/aha/resource-center/Statistics-and- Studies/studies.html. Accessed August 26, 2006.

Institute of Medicine: Hospital-Based Emergency Care: At the Breaking Point. Washington, DC: National Academies Press, 2006.

Bloem K: Treating the sick: Capacity of the US Health Care System to respond to an epidemic. Public Health Rep. 2001; 116 Suppl 2: 34-35.

Berger E: Breaking point: Report calls for Congressional rescue of hospital emergency departments. Ann Emerg Med. 2006; 48(2): 140-142.

Romano M: At capacity and beyond. Ideas such as “surge” hospitals are getting a more careful look as healthcare wrestles with planning for large-scale disasters. Mod Healthc. 2005; 35(39): 6-7, 16, 1.

Szalados JE: Critical care teams managing floor patients: The continuing evolution of hospitals into intensive care units? Crit Care Med. 2004; 32(4): 1071-1072.

Aghababian RV: Hospital disaster planning. Top Emerg Med. 1986; 7(4): 46-54.

Hick JL, Hanfling D, Burstein JL, et al.: Health care facility and community strategies for patient care surge capacity. Ann Emerg Med. 2004; 44(3): 253-261.

Los Angeles World Airports: General Description: Just the Facts. Los Angeles World Airports Web site. Available at www.lawa.org/LAX/justTheFact.cfm. Accessed August 26, 2006.

The Port of Long Beach: Overview. The Port of Long Beach Web site. Available at www.polb.com/about/overview/default.asp. Accessed August 25, 2006.

Nathens AB, Brunet FP, Maier RV: Development of trauma systems and effect on outcomes after injury. Lancet. 2004; 363(9423): 1794-1801.

MacKenzie EJ, Rivara FP, Jurkovich GJ, et al.: A national evaluation of the effect of trauma-center care on mortality. N Engl J Med. 2006; 354(4): 366-378.

Auf der Heide E: The importance of evidence-based disaster planning. Ann Emerg Med. 2006; 47(1): 34-49.

Noji EK: Public health issues in disasters. Crit Care Med. 2005; 33(1 Suppl): S29-S33.

Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations: The 2001 Joint Commission Comprehensive Accreditation Manual for Hospitals. Oakbrook Terrace, IL: Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations, 2001.

Joint Commission on the Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations: Surge Hospitals: Providing Safe Care in Emergencies. Available at www.jointcommission.org/NR/rdonlyres/802E9DA4-AE80-4584-A205-48989C5BD684/0/surge_hospital.pdf. Accessed August 26, 2006.

Burkle FM Jr: Integrating international responses to complex emergencies, unconventional war, and terrorism. Crit Care Med. 2005; 33(1 Suppl): S7-S12.

Dara SI, Ashton RW, Farmer JC, et al.: Worldwide disaster medical response: An historical perspective. Crit Care Med. 2005; 33(1 Suppl): S2-S6.

Kennedy K, Aghababian RV, Gans L, et al.: Triage: Techniques and applications in decision making. Ann Emerg Med. 1996; 28(2): 136-144.




How to Cite

Zoraster, MD, R., K. Fruhwirth, MSN, RN, D. Hill, BSN, RN, and C. Meyer, MPA, RN. “Los Angeles County and the Disaster Resource Center Program”. American Journal of Disaster Medicine, vol. 2, no. 1, Jan. 2007, pp. 10-12, doi:10.5055/ajdm.2007.0003.



Brief Communications