Development of a disaster preparedness curriculum for medical students: A pilot study of incorporating local events into training opportunities
Keywords:disaster planning, emergency preparedness, education, medical, undergraduate
Objective: Contemporary disasters, like the outbreak of Ebola in West Africa, have piqued the interest of medical students in disaster preparedness. The topic is also a requirement of undergraduate medical education.1 Yet current literature suggests that disaster preparedness education is lacking. Our objective was to pilot a curriculum to augment medical students’ disaster preparedness education by marshalling local resources to provide practical hands-on experiences.
Design: This pilot curriculum consisted of lectures; simulations; asynchronous learning materials; a large-scale, regional disaster exercise; and preparation for and participation in a real-time mass gathering. Outcomes were measured by student performance on written tests and evaluations of each activity. Setting: Academic Health Center with associated medical school.
Participants: Fifty-two medical students participated in at least one of the six activities during this voluntary pilot program. Premedical students and residents (n = 57) participated in some activities.
Results: Forty-one medical students took either the pretest or the post-test over the curriculum. Only eight students took both. A paired t test comparing pretest to post-test scores using imputed missing data (t = −11.72, df = 40, p ≤ 0.001) was consistent with an analysis using only complete data (t = −2.35, df = 7, p = 0.05), implying that student scores improved significantly over time. Evaluations indicated a student preference for hands-on over didactic or independent learning activities.
Conclusions: This pilot curriculum was designed to capitalize on practical hands-on training opportunities for our medical students, including participation in a disaster exercise and a mass-gathering event. These opportunities provided effective and engaging disaster preparedness education.
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