Explaining factors affecting the participation of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in disaster management: A systematic review





disasters, management, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), Participation


Background and objective: Numerous disasters have occurred over the recent years. Moreover, there has been a considerable rise in the number of victims, injured people, and damages caused by disasters worldwide. Governments cannot meet needs alone due to the complicated nature of crises and accidents. Therefore, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and communities must assist the states during disasters. The present study aimed to derive the factors affecting the participation of NGOs in disaster management using a systematic review in 2022.

Design: This systematic review was done using ISI, Science Direct, Scopus, PubMed/MEDLINE, ProQuest, and Cochran Library based on the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews (PRISMA) standard from January 1, 2000 to December 31, 2021. The articles were selected based on the search keywords (population, intervention, comparison, outcome (PICO)). After studying the titles, abstracts, and full texts of the articles, the factors affecting the participation of NGOs in disaster management were derived.

Results: The final assessment was done on 13 articles. Cooperation and coordination with other organizations, education, communication between NGOs, social empowerment, access to adequate references, and flexibility were the criteria with the highest frequency.

Conclusion: As multiple NGOs take part in responding to disasters and performing relief operations, establishing a unified command and supervision system for effective coordination and collaborations among NGOs and other stakeholders is highly suggested. Further research is needed to develop a measurement tool for assessing the effectiveness of NGOs’ activities during disasters.


Author Biographies

Hassan Khaledi, PhD

Department of Health in Disasters and Emergencies, School of Health Management and Medical Information Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

Rita Rezaee, PhD

Associate Professor of Medical Education, Clinical Education Research Center; Health Human Resources Research Center, School of Health Management and Medical Information Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

Milad Ahmadi Marzaleh, PhD

Assistant Professor of Health in Disasters and Emergencies, Department of Health in Disasters and Emergencies, School of Health Management and Medical Information Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

Mahmoudreza Peyravi, PhD (Corresponding author)

Department of Health in Disasters and Emergencies, School of Health Management and Medical Information Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran


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How to Cite

Khaledi, H., R. Rezaee, M. A. Marzaleh, and M. Peyravi. “Explaining Factors Affecting the Participation of Nongovernmental Organizations (NGOs) in Disaster Management: A Systematic Review”. American Journal of Disaster Medicine, vol. 17, no. 4, July 2023, pp. 287-99, doi:10.5055/ajdm.2022.0444.



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