Emergency medical services operations during civil unrest: Best practices from lessons learned





EMS, emergency medicine, civil unrest, mass gathering


During periods of civil unrest, emergency medical services (EMSs) clinicians will be called upon to provide care to those impacted, including those who are actively instigating violence. Working during periods of civil unrest poses significant operational and security challenges to EMS leadership and clinicians. This review provides best practices for EMS operating during periods of civil unrest through analysis of after action reports from Baltimore, Maryland; Charlottesville, North Carolina; Minneapolis, Minnesota; and Washington, DC.

Author Biographies

Gregory Jasani, MD

Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland

Bryan McNeilly, MD

Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Maryland Medical Center, Baltimore, Maryland

Kelly Poe, BS

Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland

Stephen Liang, MD

Department of Emergency Medicine; Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri


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