Investigating health and treatment measures during the Arbaeen procession 2022: A qualitative study




mass gathering, health field, Arbaeen procession, qualitative study


Aims: The Arbaeen procession is one of the largest religious gatherings in which tens of millions of people participate every year. The presence of many people in this religious gathering highlights the necessity of planning to reduce incidents related to pilgrims in the field of health and to ensure their timely access to health and treatment services. The current research was conducted with the aim of investigating and analyzing the health field in the Arbaeen procession of 2022.

Methodology: This was a qualitative study, in which in-depth and semistructured interviews were conducted. The target population comprised healthcare policymakers, managers, and providers of the Arbaeen procession in 2022. The interview and data collection guide were developed using the World Health Organization’s recommendations. Data collection was continued till data saturation. Directed content analysis was used to analyze the data. Different strategies were applied to increase the validity and reliability of the results of this study.

Finding: Data saturation was reached after 33 interviews. In total, eight main topics were identified, including follow-up of disease and trauma, promotion of public health, education and health system, cooperation and coordination in the field of health, information and communication management, response operations, support and resource management, and security and safety.

Conclusion: Essential health issues in Arbaeen procession were identified in this research, which may be considered as an evidence-based guide for planners, planners, and executive managers of this religious community. The findings of this research may be used in other marches and public gatherings.

Author Biographies

Saeed Nazari, PhD

Health in Disasters and Emergencies, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Hassan Araghizadeh, MD

Department of Anesthesiology, School of Medicine, Baghiyyatollah al-Azam Hospital, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Afzal Shamsi, PhD

Department of Anesthesia and Emergency Medicine, School of Paramedical Sciences, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Mahdi Ghorbani, PhD

Assistant Professor of Hematology and Transfusion Medicine, Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, School of Allied Medical Sciences, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Mahboobeh Afzali, PhD

Assistant Professor in Nursing Education, Emergency Medical Department, Paramedical Faculty, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Hosein Mahdian, PhD

Department of Political Science, Faculty of Science, Imam Ali University, Tehran, Iran


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How to Cite

Nazari, S., H. Araghizadeh, A. Shamsi, M. Ghorbani, M. Afzali, and H. Mahdian. “Investigating Health and Treatment Measures During the Arbaeen Procession 2022: A Qualitative Study”. American Journal of Disaster Medicine, vol. 19, no. 2, Apr. 2024, pp. 151-60, doi:10.5055/ajdm.0453.