Therapeutic recreation interventions for need-driven dementia-compromised behaviors in community-dwelling elders


  • Suzanne Fitzsimmons, MS, ARNP
  • Linda L. Buettner, CTRS, PhD



community-based care, dementia, recreational therapy, behavioral interventions


This study describes a clinical trial of at-home recreational therapy for community dwelling older adults with dementia and disturbing behaviors. After two weeks of daily, individualized therapeutic recreation interventions (TRIs), results indicated a significant decrease in levels of both passivity and agitation. Biograph data collection was useful in identifying the physiological changes that occurred with each intervention technique. Specific information is included on the time of day each behavior occurred and the most effective interventions, as well as implications for service delivery.

Author Biographies

Suzanne Fitzsimmons, MS, ARNP

College of Health Professions, Florida Gulf Coast University, Fort Myers, Florida.

Linda L. Buettner, CTRS, PhD

Director, Interdisciplinary Center for Positive Aging; Associate Professor, College of Health Professions, Florida Gulf Coast University, Fort Myers, Florida.


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