Effects of exercise on disability in older adults with arthritis: A 3-year follow-up
Keywords:arthritis, exercise, longitudinal
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of exercise on functional disability outcomes in older adults with arthritis. Exercise was operationalized as frequency of exercise per week at baseline and follow-up, and as miles walked per week at baseline and follow-up. Results indicated that subjects reporting high exercise frequency at baseline and follow-up were least impaired after 3 years. Surprisingly, changing from low rate of exercise to a high rate of exercise by follow-up was not associated with less impairment. These data suggest that benefit is secured only with adoption and continuity of exercise. Additional results indicated that frequent walking at follow-up yielded benefit, irrespective of walking mileage at baseline. Implications and applications for therapeutic recreation inducing comparable outcomes in practice are discussed.
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