Assessments for East Asian clients: Culturally competent recreational therapy


  • Junhyoung Kim, MS
  • Donna Lozano, MEd, CTRS



cultural competence, assessment, cultural variables, cultural awareness, therapeutic recreation process


Recreational therapists who have developed a level of understanding and awareness of other cultural norms, specifically East Asian cultural norms, will be better prepared to accurately interpret assessment results, to establish a treatment plan, and to implement the therapeutic recreation process within a recreational therapy setting. These therapists are more likely to provide effective healthcare services which will enhance the quality their clients’ lives. In addition, the development of assessment processes that take into consideration the therapist’s own cultural identity as well as the patient’s cultural orientation, primary language, level of acculturation, acculturation stress, level of functioning, family relationships, support systems and concepts, and definitions of health, disease, healthcare utilization, and healing are necessary to foster successful therapeutic relationships and recreational interventions with East Asian clients.

Author Biographies

Junhyoung Kim, MS

Department of Recreation, Park, and Tourism Management, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania.

Donna Lozano, MEd, CTRS

King Adult Enrichment Program, Denver, Colorado.


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How to Cite

Kim, MS, J., & Lozano, MEd, CTRS, D. (2009). Assessments for East Asian clients: Culturally competent recreational therapy. American Journal of Recreation Therapy, 8(3), 19–24.




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