Opiate use after total hip arthroplasty for metastatic bone disease
Keywords:total hip arthroplasty, metastatic bone disease, opioid, oncology
Objectives: To investigate post-operative opioid use following a total hip arthroplasty (THA) in metastatic bone disease (MBD) patients and identify factors associated with post-operative opioid use at 6 weeks and 90 days.
Background: MBD commonly affects the hip, and surgical intervention including THA may be indicated for pain relief or to improve function. Following THA, patients are often prescribed short courses of opioids for post-operative pain relief. No study has evaluated opiate use following THA in patients for MBD.
Methods: This was a retrospective review of patients using opioids preoperatively who underwent primary THA for MBD at two institutions between 2009 and 2022. Preoperative and post-operative opioid usages, respectively, at 6 weeks and 90 days were quantified through calculating daily morphine milligram equivalents (MMEs) and compared using the sign test. Factors associated with post-operative opioid use at 6 weeks and 90 days were compared using χ2 test or Fisher's exact test as appropriate.
Results: Nineteen THA and 11 THA with complex acetabular reconstruction were included. At 6 weeks, 26 (86.7 percent) patients were utilizing opiates, and at 90 days, 23 (76.7 percent) patients were utilizing opiates. There was a statistically significant difference between median daily preoperative MME compared to daily MME at 90 days (p < 0.001). The only statistically significant association with opioid use at 90 days was opioid use at 6 weeks.
Conclusion: To our knowledge, this is the first paper evaluating post-operative opioid use following primary THA in MBD patients. After THA in the setting of MBD, patients exhibit decreased post-operative opioid use. Future studies with larger cohorts should be conducted to characterize post-operative opioid use following joint arthroplasty in MBD patients.
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