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Federal Emergency Management Agency’s Guidance on Planning for Integration of Functional Needs Support Services in General Population Shelters: Progress despite practical impediments

Aileen Xenakis, JD

Abstract


This article identifies the key elements of Federal Emergency Management Agency’s November 2010 Guidance on Planning for Integration of Functional Needs Support Services in General Population Shelters. It addresses the impact that such guidance will have within the emergency management and sheltering community, specifically what integration means from a policy perspective as well as from a practical standpoint. This article addresses the impetus behind the guidance and demonstrates that although budget constraints might not allow for all changes to be made immediately and completely, the guidance itself, as a standard to which state and local governments can aspire, is a critical development for the improvement of sheltering community members with functional needs.

Keywords


shelter, guidance, FEMA, functional needs, special needs, general population shelter, policy, local government

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References


FEMA: Guidance on Planning for Integration of Functional Needs Support Services in General Population Shelters. Available at http://www.fema.gov/pdf/about/odic/fnss_guidance.pdf. Accessed December 16, 2010.

Bohannon D: New FEMA Guidance Signals Shift in Sheltering Mindset. Available at http://www.mdchhs.com/blog/new-femaguidance- signals-shift-sheltering-mindset. Accessed December 16, 2010.

Roth M: Caring for special needs during disasters: What’s being done for vulnerable populations? Washington, DC: U.S. House Committee on Homeland Security, Subcommittee on Emergency Communications, Preparedness, and Response, 2010: 2-3. Available at http://www.fema.gov/pdf/about/odic/written_statement_roth. pdf. Accessed December 18, 2010.

FEMA: National Response Framework. Available at http:// www.fema.gov/emergency/nrf/aboutNRF.htm. Accessed December 25, 2010.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.5055/jem.2011.0042

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