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The development of the current urban search and rescue program (ESF-9): A policy perspective

Brad Greenberg, MD, MPA

Abstract


This article explores the origins of the current urban search and rescue (US&R) program, its philosophical foundations, and examines the history of the catastrophic events that punctuated the stepwise development of national policy and legislation enabling the federal government to conduct such a program. Since its inception, the program goal was to structure existing local assets into an integrated task force capable of national and international response. Past events—natural, political, and terrorist—deeply affected the development of the US&R Response system. It has matured over time, but remains dynamic.

Keywords


urban search and rescue, disaster medicine, US&R, disaster response, policy, homeland security

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5055/jem.2008.0013

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