The delivery of essential humanitarian services after the tsunami in Aceh, Indonesia

Shannon Doocy, PhD, Anita Shankar, PhD, Bahie Rassekh, Courtland Robinson, PhD, Gilbert Burnham, MD, PhD

Abstract


A survey of 478 Indonesian households displaced by the tsunami was conducted in two districts in Aceh Province in late March and early April 2005. Essential services (shelter, water, food, health services) were provided to approximately half of internally displaced persons (IDPs) within seven days of the tsunami, and this figure rose to around 70 percent within two weeks of the tsunami. Essential services reached significantly greater proportions of the tsunami- displaced population in Aceh Besar than Banda Aceh at both two and four weeks post-tsunami. The majority of IDPs reported satisfaction with essential services other than shelter in the first two weeks posttsunami, and satisfaction with essential services other than food increased by four weeks after the tsunami. Of IDP households surveyed, the vast majority reported that there were services they would have liked to receive but did not, both in the month following the tsunami and at the time of the survey.

Keywords


tsunami, Indonesia, humanitarian assistance, beneficiary, satisfaction

Full Text:

PDF

References


Canny B: Review of NGO coordination in Aceh post earthquake/tsunami. Report to International Council of Voluntary Agencies, April 8, 2005.

US Agency for International Development: Indian Ocean: Earthquake and Tsunamis: Fact Sheet #39. Washington, DC: US Agency for International Development, 2005.

Hugo G: Pengungsi—Indonesia’s internally displaced persons. Asian Pac Migr J. 2002; 11(3): 297-331.

The Humanitarian Policy Group: Measuring the Impact of Humanitarian Aid: A Review of Current Practice. London: Overseas Development Institute, 2004.

Hallam A: Evaluating Humanitarian Assistance Programs in Complex Emergencies. Good Practice Review 7. London: Overseas Development Institute, 1998.

The Humanitarian Information Center (HIC): IDP Summary Report. Sumatra: The Humanitarian Information Center, 2005.

The Sphere Project: The Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response. Geneva: The Sphere Project, 2004.

Thomas A, Ramalingan V: Response effectiveness: Views of the affected population. Forced Migration Review. 2005; special tsunami issue: 46-47.

Sharp TW, Wightman JM, Davis MJ, et al.: Military assistance in complex emergencies: What have we learned since the Kurdish relief effort? Prehospital Disaster Med. 2001; 16(4): 197-208.

Hudspeth C: Accessing IDPs in post-tsunami Aceh. Forced Migration Review. 2005; special tsunami issue: 19-21.

Active Learning Network for Accountability and Performance: Global Study on Beneficiary Consultation and Participation Monograph Series: Sri Lanka, Angola, Columbia, Afghanistan. London: Overseas Development Institute, 2003.

Active Learning Network for Accountability and Performance: Participation by Crisis-affected Populations in Humanitarian Action: A Handbook for Practitioners. London: Overseas Development Institute, 2003.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.5055/jem.2006.0042

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of Emergency Management