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Teaching emergency management students about money: “Without money you ain't doin bupkis”

James L. Jaffe, BS (Accounting), JD

Abstract


The objective of this article is to address the glaring deficiency in educating emergency managers with regard to the financial aspects of Emergency Management (EM) and suggest curriculum changes. This article reviews 313 Higher Education Programs in EM located in 189 institutions of higher education in the United States to determine which include courses in the financial aspects of EM. The programs reviewed range from undergraduate certificates to PhD Degrees in EM. Of the 313 EM programs, only 78 [24.8 percent] have any courses discussing accounting, budgeting, economics, or finance either as a required or restricted elective course. Only nine [2.9 percent] courses focus on the financial issues of EM. Based upon the data reported, the author suggests changes in EM education as a starting point in the necessary discussion of what an EM educational program should cover.


Keywords


money, education, management

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References


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Andrews University; Arizona State University; Franklin University; Immaculata University; Indian River State College; Jackson State University; Northern Arizona University; St. Petersburg College, Trine University; Union College; University of Florida; University of North Texas; Upper Iowa University.

Adelphi University; Anderson University; Arkansas Tech University; Columbia College; Eastern Michigan University; Idaho State University; University of Wisconsin; Utah Valley University.

University of Maryland University College.

West Texas A and M University.

Metropolitan College of New York; SUNY Canton; University of Alaska-Fairbanks.

Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University; Massachusetts Maritime Academy; Trine University.

Everglades University.

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Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University 2016-2017 General Catalog Course Descriptions. Available at http://catalog.famu.edu/content.php?catoid=4&navoid=118. Accessed January 7, 2017.

Franklin University. Available at http://www.franklin.edu/emergency-management-homeland-security-bachelors-degree-curriculum. Accessed January 7, 2017.

Idaho State University-Meridian 2016-2017 Catalog Courses. Available at http://coursecat.isu.edu/undergraduate/allcourses/pols/. Accessed January 7, 2017.

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Indian River State College Catalog 2016-2017. Available at http://irsc.smartcatalogiq.com/current/catalog/courses/pad-publicadministration/3000/pad-3223. Accessed January 7, 2017.

Jackson State University. Available at http://www.jsums.edu/economics/course-descriptions/economics-course-desciptions/. Accessed January 7, 2017.

Massachusetts Maritime Academy, BS Emergency Management. Available at https://www.maritime.edu/curricula#EM. Accessed January 7, 2017.

New River Community College. Available at http://www.newriver.edu/future-students/academics/degrees-and-certificateprograms/2-uncategorised/499-emergency-management-ass. Accessed January 7, 2017. And Semester 6.

Northern Arizona has two Bachelor programs with this required course. Academic Catalog 2016-2017. Available at http://catalog.nau.edu/Courses/course?courseId-009910. Accessed January 7, 2017.

This program is a double major in Emergency and Disaster Management and Business. Ohio Christian has two Bachelor programs with this required course, 2016-2017 Traditional Program Academic Catalog. Available at http://catalog.ohiochristian.edu/2016-2017-traditional-program-academic-catalog/bachelorarts/ba-emergency-disaster-management. Accessed January 7, 2017.

St. Petersburg College 2016-2017 College Catalog, College of Public Safety Administration. Available at http://webapps.spcollege.edu/courses/program/PSA-BAS. Accessed January 7, 2017.

SUNY Canton 2016-2017 Course Catalog (Accounting Page 117, Budgeting page 125). Available at http://www.canton.edu/catalog/catalog.pdf. Accessed January 7, 2017.

Trine has two emergency management bachelor programs. Their Emergency Response Module only requires taking one of the economics courses, while the Business Continuity Module requires three courses. Course Catalog-Arizona Edition Updated January 2016, (Accounting Page 98, Economics Page 143, Finance Page 163). Available at http://www.trine.edu/peoria/academics/documents/Trine-University-Peoria-Catalog-2016b.pdf. Accessed January 7, 2017.

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University of North Texas 2016-2017 Undergraduate Catalog. Available at http://catalog.unt.edu/content.php?catoid=15&navoid=1214. Accessed January 7, 2017.

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Upper Iowa University 2016-2017 Academic Catalog (Page 160). Available at http://www.uiu.edu/academics/catalog/pdf/2016-17.pdf. Accessed January 7, 2017.

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West Texas A and M University 2016-2017 Undergraduate Catalog, Course Descriptions. Available at http://catalog.wtamu.edu/content.php?catoid=14&navoid=1095. Accessed January 7, 2017.

These institutions are: Arizona State University (PAF 201, SWU 181); Arkansas Tech University (EAM 3143); Everglades University (ECO 1023, ECO 2013); Florida A and M University (ECO 2013, ECO 2023); Jackson State University (ECO 211); Massachusetts Maritime Academy (SS 2131, SS 2231); Metropolitan College of New York (ECO 231SKY); Ohio Christian University (EC 101, EC 201); Trine University (ECO 213, ECO 223); University of Alaska-Fairbanks (ECON F201); University of Maryland University College (ECON 103); University of Wisconsin-Green Bay (ECON 307); Utah Valley University (HIST 1740); West Texas A and M University (EMA 4330, ECON 2302).

These institutions are: Adelphi University (UEM 304); Columbia College (EM 440); Everglades University (FIN 2001); Franklin University (PUAD 420); Massachusetts Maritime Academy (IM 3131); Ohio Christian University (ACC 222); St. Petersburg College (PAD 4204); Trine University (FIN 303); University of Alaska-Fairbanks (HSEM/ACCT F271); University of Findlay (ESOH 320);University of Florida (FES 3753 FES); University of Maryland University College (FINC 331); University of North Texas (PADM 3410); West Texas A and M University (POSC 4355).

These institutions are: Immaculata University (EPM 312); Andrews University (ACCT 121); Everglades University (EPM 312); Metropolitan College of New York (ACC 231 SKI); Ohio Christian University (AC 262); SUNY- Canton (ACCT 101, ACCT 104); Trine University (AC203, AC 213); and University of Maryland University College (ACCT 301).

These institutions are: Eastern Michigan University (PLSC 352); Florida A and M (PAD 4223); Idaho State University (POLS 4452); Northern Arizona (PADM 327); SUNY Canton (BSAD 305); and Upper Iowa (PA440).

This program is a double major in Emergency and Disaster Management and Business. Ohio Christian has two Bachelor programs with this required course., 2016-2017 Traditional Program Academic Catalog. Available at http://catalog.ohiochristian.edu/2016-2017-traditional-program-academic-catalog/bachelorarts/ba-emergency-disaster-management. Accessed January 7, 2017.

Idaho State University-Meridian 2016-2017 Catalog Courses. Available at http://coursecat.isu.edu/undergraduate/allcourses/pols/. Accessed January 7, 2017.

Idaho State University-Meridian 2016-2017 Catalog Courses. Available at http://coursecat.isu.edu/undergraduate/allcourses/pols/. Accessed January 7, 2017.

Jackson State University (ECO 211); Metropolitan College of New York (ECO 231 SKY); University of Alaska-Fairbanks (ECONF 201).

Arkansas Tech University (EAM 3143); University of Wisconsin Green Bay (ECON 307); Utah Valley University (HIST 1740).

Florida A and M University (ECO 2013, ECO 2023); Massachusetts Maritime Academy (SS 2131, SS 2231); Ohio Christian University (EC 101, EC 201); Trine University for both modules (ECO 213, ECO 223).

Arizona State University (PAF 201 required, SWU 181 elective); Everglades University (ECO 1023 as an elective and ECO 2013 as a required course).

West Texas A and M University (EMA 4340, ECON 2302).

These institutions are: Adelphi University (UEM 304); Columbia College (EM 440); Everglades University (FIN 2001); Franklin University (PUAD 420); Idaho State University-Meridian (POLS 4452); Massachusetts Maritime Academy (IM-3131); Ohio Christian University (AC222); St. Petersburg College (PAD 4204); Trine University (FIN 303); Union college (FNCE 215); University of Alaska-Fairbanks (HSEM/ACCT F271); University of Florida (FES 3753 FES); University of North Texas (PADM 3410); West Texas A and M University (POSC 4355).

Adelphi University (UEM 304); Columbia College (EM 440); Idaho State University-Meridian (POLS 4452).

Utah Valley University Catalog, Degrees and Programs, History. Available at http://www.uvu.edu/catalog/current/courses/history/. Accessed January 7, 2017.

American Public University System – Graduate Certificate in Emergency and Disaster Management and Graduate Certificate-Emergency Management Executive Leadership. Available at http://catalog.apus.edu/2016/graduate/academic-programs/certificates/. Accessed January 7, 2017.

American Public University System 2016/2017 Catalog Graduate Course Description. Available at http://catalog.apus.edu/2016/graduate/academic-programs/descriptions/descriptions.htm?CID=37. Accessed January 7, 2017.

Florida State University Graduate Certificate in Emergency Management and Homeland Security. Available at http://em.fsu.edu/mura/index.cfm/program-info/certificate-in-emergency-management-and-homeland-security/graduate-certificate/. Accessed January 8, 2017.

University of Colorado-Denver School of Public Affairs Spring 2017 Course Offerings, Graduate Public Administration Courses. Available at http://www.ucdenver.edu/academics/colleges/SPA/Documents/PUAD%20Course%20Flyer_Spring%202017.pdf. Accessed January 7, 2017.

American Public University (two programs); Anna Maria College; George Washington University; Grand Canyon University; Jacksonville State University; John Jay College (City University of New York); Lander University; Lynn University; Metropolitan College of New York; Oklahoma State University; Saint Leo University; University of Chicago; University of Colorado Denver; University of Findlay; University of Maryland University College; University of New Orleans; University of North Carolina at Pembroke; University of Washington.

Arizona State University.

Tufts University.

Georgia State University; John Jay College (City University of New York); Upper Iowa University.

University of North Texas.

Grand Canyon University Program core courses. Available at https://www.gcu.edu/degree-programs/master-science-leadershipdisaster-preparedness. Accessed January 8, 2017.

On-Line Emergency Management Courses. Available at http://online.annamaria.edu/mpa/emergency-management-specialization/courses?cmgfrm-http%3A%2F%2Fwww.annamaria.edu%2Fgraduate. Accessed January 8, 2017.

Arizona State University School of Public Affairs Course Catalog. Available at https://spa.asu.edu/content/course-catalog. Accessed January 8, 2017.

George Washington University, University Bulletin 2016 2017. Available at http://bulletin.gwu.edu/courses/emse/. Accessed January 8, 2017.

Georgia State University Graduate Catalog Andrew Young School of Policy Studies 2050.60. Available at https://catalog.gsu.edu/graduate20152016/andrew-young-school-of-policystudies/#mastersprograms. Accessed January 8, 2017.

Grand Canyon University Program core courses. Available at https://www.gcu.edu/degree-programs/master-science-leadershipdisaster-preparedness. Accessed January 8, 2017.

Jacksonville State University Graduate Studies Bulletin 2016-2017 (Page 282). Available at http://www.jsu.edu/graduate/programs/2016-2017%20Graduate%20Bulletin.pdf. Accessed January 8, 2017.

John Jay College 2016-2017 Graduate Bulletin Emergency Management Master of Science. Available at http://jjay.smartcatalogiq.com/en/2016-2017/Graduate-Bulletin/Degrees-Offered/Emergency-Management. Accessed January 8, 2017.

John Jay College 2016-2017 Graduate Bulletin: Master of Public Administration Program in Public Policy and Administration. Available at http://jjay.smartcatalogiq.com/en/2016-2017/Graduate-Bulletin/Degrees-Offered/Master-of-Public-Administration-Public-Policy-and-Administration. Accessed January 8, 2017.

Lander University 2016-2017 Graduate Catalog (Page 55). Available at http://www.lander.edu/docs/default-source/academicaffairs/academic-catalog/2016-2017-graduate-catalog.pdf?sfvrsn-0. Accessed January 8, 2017.

Lynn University 2016-2017 Catalog (Page 300). Available at https://www.lynn.edu/uploads/pdf/AcademicCatalog_20162017.pdf. Accessed January 8, 2017.

MPA in Emergency and Disaster Management Course Offerings Semester 1. Available at http://www.mcny.edu/publicaffairs/mpa_emergencycourse.php. Accessed January 8, 2018.

Department of Political Science FEMP Course Descriptions. Available at http://polsci.okstate.edu/femp-courses. Accessed January 8, 2017.

Saint Leo University 2016-2017 Graduate Academic Catalog Courses of Instruction. Available at http://academiccatalog.saintleo.edu/content.php?catoid=21&navoid=2337. Accessed January 8, 2017.

Tufts: The Fletcher School EIB Courses. Available at http://fletcher.tufts.edu/Academic/Courses/Divisions/eib-courses. Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy NUTR Course. Available at https://nutrition.tufts.edu/academics/courses?page-1. Accessed October 25, 2017.

University of Chicago Graham School Curriculum and Timeline. Available at https://grahamschool.uchicago.edu/credit/master-science-threat-response-management/curriculum. Accessed January 8, 2017.

Lander University 2016-2017 Graduate Catalog (Page 55). Available at http://www.lander.edu/docs/default-source/academicaffairs/academic-catalog/2016-2017-graduate-catalog.pdf?sfvrsn-0. Accessed January 8, 2017.

Redacted.

University of Findlay Current Graduate Catalog. Available at http://catalog.findlay.edu/en/current/Graduate-Catalog/Courses/ENVM-Master-of-Science-in-Environmental-Safety-and-Health-Management. Accessed January 8, 2017.

University of Maryland University College 2016-2017 The Graduate School (Page 119). Available at http://www.umuc.edu/documents/upload/graduate-catalog-2016-17.pdf. Accessed January 8, 2017.

University of New Orleans August 2016-2017 Catalog Courses of Instruction Public Administration. Available at http://www.uno.edu/registrar/catalog/1617catalog/courses-of-instruction/PADM.aspx. Accessed January 8, 2017.

The University of North Carolina at Pembroke 2016-2017 Catalog, Course Descriptions. Available at http://catalog.uncp.edu/content.php?catoid=5&navoid=261. Accessed January 8, 2017.

University of North Texas 2016-2017 Graduate Catalog College of Public Affairs and Community Service, Department of Public Administration. Available at http://catalog.unt.edu/content.php?catoid=16&navoid=1375. Accessed January 8, 2017.

University of Washington Department of Urban Design and Planning Course Descriptions. Available at http://www.infrastructure-management.uw.edu/overview/courses/descriptions.asp. Accessed January 8, 2017.

Upper Iowa University 2016-2017 Academic Catalog (Page 194). Available at http://www.uiu.edu/academics/catalog/pdf/2016-17.pdf. Accessed January 8, 2017.

Georgia State University, John Jay College City University of New York, Oklahoma State University, University of New Orleans, University of North Carolina at Pembroke, University of North Texas.

American Military University, American Public University, Arizona State University, Georgia State University, Grand Canyon University, John Jay College City University of New York, Lander University, Metropolitan College of New York, Tufts University, University of Colorado, Upper Iowa University.

American Public University Dual Master of Arts in Emergency and Disaster Management and Homeland Security, Core Requirements. Available at http://catalog.apus.edu/2016/graduate/academic-programs/master/dual-emergency-homeland.htm. Accessed January 8, 2017.

University of New Orleans August 2016-2017 Catalog Courses of Instruction Public Administration. Available at http://www.uno.edu/registrar/catalog/1617catalog/courses-of-instruction/PADM.aspx. Accessed January 8, 2017.

American Military University, American Public University, Arizona State University, Georgia State University, Grand Canyon University, John Jay College City University of New York, Lander University, Metropolitan College of New York, Tufts University, University of Colorado, Upper Iowa University. 134. Upper Iowa University 2016-2017 Academic Catalog (Page 194). Available at http://www.uiu.edu/academics/catalog/pdf/2016-17.pdf. Accessed January 8, 2017.

Anna Maria College; George Washington University; Jacksonville State University; John Jay College City University of New York; Lynn University; Saint Leo University; Tufts University; University of Chicago; University of Maryland University College; University of North Texas; University of Washington. Upper Iowa University. 136. Upper Iowa University 2016-2017 Academic Catalog (Page 194). Available at http://www.uiu.edu/academics/catalog/pdf/2016-17.pdf. Accessed January 8, 2017.

Anna Maria College; Jacksonville State University; John Jay College City University of New York; Saint Leo University; University of North Texas.

Lynn University; University of Maryland University College; University of North Texas; University of Washington.

Capella University; George Washington University; Louisiana State University; North Dakota State University; Saint Louis University; University of Delaware.

Georgia State University; Walden University.

Jacksonville State University; Oklahoma State University; University of North Texas.

Adelphi University UEM 304 Introduction to Financial Concepts for Emergency Services (Restricted elective).

See Footnote 66 for course description.

Arkansas Tech University EAM 3143, The Economics of Hazards and Disaster (Restricted elective).

Immaculata University EPM 312 Public Sector Accounting and Finance (Required course).

West Texas A and M University EMA 4340, Applied Economics for Emergency Managers (Restricted elective).

American Public University (APU) EDMG530 Economics of Disaster (required course).

Florida State University PAD 5388 Disaster Dollars: The Financing of Emergency Management Recovery (Restricted elective).

University of Alaska-Fairbanks 2016-2017 UF Catalog. Available at http://catalog.uaf.edu/courses/. Accessed January 7, 2017.

Grand Canyon University EMM 605 Economic and Human Issues (Required course).

Lander University EMGT 630: Business and Economic Continuity (Required course).

Metropolitan College of New York (MCNY) MPA 511 SYS Economics of Hazards and Disasters (Required course).

University of Chicago MSTR–33003–01 Financial and Resource Planning for Risk and Crisis Management (Required course).

Idaho State University-Meridian 2016-2017 Catalog Courses. Available at http://coursecat.isu.edu/undergraduate/allcourses/pols/. Accessed January 7, 2017.

Jacksonville State University Graduate Studies Bulletin 2016-2017 (Page 282). Available at http://www.jsu.edu/graduate/programs/2016-2017%20Graduate%20Bulletin.pdf. Accessed January 8, 2017.

University of New Orleans August 2016-2017 Catalog Courses of Instruction Public Administration. Available at http://www.uno.edu/registrar/catalog/1617catalog/courses-of-instruction/PADM.aspx. Accessed January 8, 2017.

Idaho State University-Meridian 2016-2017 Catalog Courses. Available at http://coursecat.isu.edu/undergraduate/allcourses/pols/. Accessed January 7, 2017.

American Military University, American Public University, Arizona State University, Georgia State University, Grand Canyon University, John Jay College City University of New York, Lander University, Metropolitan College of New York, Tufts University, University of Colorado, Upper Iowa University.

Durham Technical Community College, 2016-2017 College Catalog, Fire Protection Course Descriptions. Available at https://www.durhamtech.edu/academics/coursedescriptions/fipcd.htm. Accessed January 7, 2017.

This program is a double major in Emergency and Disaster Management and Business. Ohio Christian has two Bachelor programs with this required course., 2016-2017 Traditional Program Academic Catalog. Available at http://catalog.ohiochristian.edu/2016-2017-traditional-program-academic-catalog/bachelorarts/ba-emergency-disaster-management. Accessed January 7, 2017.

Ibid Footnote 134.

Georgia State University Undergraduate Catalog Introduction to Risk Management and Insurance. Available at https://catalog.gsu.edu/undergraduate20132014/subject/rmi/. Accessed January 8, 2017.

John Jay College 2016-2017 Graduate Bulletin: Master of Public Administration Program in Public Policy and Administration. Available at http://jjay.smartcatalogiq.com/en/2016-2017/Graduate-Bulletin/Degrees-Offered/Master-of-Public-Administration-Public-Policy-and-Administration. Accessed January 8, 2017.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.5055/jem.2019.0417

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