Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Community resilience: Measuring social and political vulnerability in the aftermath of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill

Tonya E. Thornton, PhD, MPPA, Celeste Murphy-Greene, PhD, MPA, Katherine M. Simon, MPA

Abstract


The scope of policy issues surrounding emergency management remains inundated with several social and political challenges. There are specific events that cause added strain which make certain time periods for examining levels of resiliency relevant. The Deepwater Horizon oil spill represents a large-scale, technological disaster. Not only was there a loss of human life, but several community impacts also exist with the oil having spewed out into the water. Still, what impacts—that is, attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors—are associated with varying population groups that may be more vulnerable than others? Examining the connection between social capital and political trust is, thus, paramount as prior studies have documented that if resiliency networks are disrupted, there will be a lasting impact upon the community. This research extends the limited understanding of case-based perceptions of social and political vulnerability regarding disaster responsibility.


Keywords


Community resiliency, vulnerability, oil spill, disaster policy

Full Text:

PDF

References


Mushkatel A, Weschler L: Emergency management and the intergovernmental system. Public Admin Rev. 1985; SI: 49-56.

Neaves T, Feierabend N, Butts C, et al.: A portrait of the delta: Enduring hope and despair. J Health Hum Services Admin. 2008; 31(1): 10-29.

Patterson O, Weil F, Patel K: The role of community in disaster response: Conceptual models. Popul Res Policy Rev. 2010; 29: 127-141.

Paton D, Jackson D: Developing disaster management capability: An assessment centre approach. Disaster Prev Manage. 2002; 11(2): 115-122.

Birkland T: Lessons of disaster: Policy change after catastrophic events. Washington: Georgetown University Press, 2006.

Burdeau C: New discovery: Well beneath sunken rig off Louisiana has serious oil leak. The Associated Press. 2010. Available at http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/nationworld/2011695704_rig25.html. Accessed March 12, 2019.

Burdeau C: Oil cleanup at Gulf rig blast site delayed again. The Associated Press. 2010. Available at http://www.google.com/hostednews/ap/article/ALeqM5g5gnWbqZ9SqBHvSYqJeE2AT5KebwD9FA6D0O0. Accessed March 12, 2019.

White J: Taking language seriously: The narrative foundations of public administration research. Washington: Georgetown University Press, 1999.

Birkland T: An introduction to the policy process: Theories, concepts, and models of public policy. Armonk, NY: M. E. Sharpe, Inc., 2005.

Smith K, Larimer C: The public policy theory primer. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Westview Press, 2009.

Beierle T, Konisky D: Values, conflict, trust in participatory environmental planning. J Policy Anal Manage. 2000; 19(4): 587-602.

Dye T: Understanding public policy, 12th ed., Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Education, Inc., 2008.

Erikson R, Tedin K: American public opinion: Its origins, content, and impact, 7th ed. New York: Pearson Education, Inc., 2007.

Etzioni A: Creating good communities and good societies. Contemp Sociol. 2000; 29(1): 188-195.

Nie N, Verba S, Petrocik J: The changing American voter. Cambridge, UK: Harvard University Press, 1979.

Wamsley G: A public philosophy and ontological disclosure as the basis for normatively grounded theorizing in public administration. In: Wamsley G, Wolf J, eds. Refounding democratic public administration, modern paradoxes, postmodern challenges. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications, 1996.

Brandsen T, Boogers M, Tops P: Soft governance, hard consequences: The ambiguous status of unofficial guidelines. Public Admin. Rev. 2006; 66(4): 546-553.

Brewer, G: The policy sciences emerge: To nurture and structure a discipline. Policy Sci. 1974; 5(3): 239-244.

Rochefort D, Cobb R: The politics of problem definition: Shaping the policy agenda. Lawrence, Kansa: University Press of Kansas, 1994.

Bonser C, McGregor E, Jr., and Oster E, Jr.: American public policy problems: An introductory guide, 2nd ed. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2000.

The Argus: Oil leaking from sunken US rig. The Argus. 2010. Available at http://www.argus.ie/breaking-news/world-news/oilplatform-sinks-after-blast-2149136.html. Accessed March 12, 2019.

The Associated Press: Evacuated workers sought after oil rig explosion. The Seattle Times. 2010. Available at http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/nationworld/2011658472_apuslouisianaoilrigexplosion.html. Accessed February 2, 2019.

Burdeau C: Oil cleanup at Gulf rig blast site delayed again. The Associated Press. 2010. Available at http://www.google.com/hostednews/ap/article/ALeqM5g5gnWbqZ9SqBHvSYqJeE2AT5KebwD9FA6D0O0. Accessed March 12, 2019.

Brennan P, Burke J: British Petroleum’s oil well leak may take months to shut after rig sinks. Bloomberg Businessweek. 2010. Available at http://www.businessweek.com/news/2010-04-25/BritishPetroleum-s-gulf-well-leaking-1-000-barrels-a-day-after-fireupdate1-.html. Accessed February 2, 2019.

Occupational Safety and Health Administration: #1. Deepwater Horizon response: Unified command. Occupational Safety and Health Administration. 2010. Available at http://www.osha.gov/oilspills/index.html. 2010. Accessed January 22, 2019.

Goddard J: Engineers build underwater dome to contain Gulf of Mexico oil spill. TimeOnline. Available at http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/environment/article7108909.ece. Accessed January 10, 2019.

Seba E: WRAPUP 7-British Petroleum tries a new US Gulf spill fix, as slick spreads. Reuters. 2010. Available at http://www.reuters.com/article/idUSN1016775020100510?type=marketsNews. Accessed January 3, 2019.

Bolstad E, Washburn M, Lebovich J: 3 companies expected to blame each other for Gulf oil spill. Miami Herald. 2010. Available at http://www.miamiherald.com/2010/05/11/1623583/3-companiesexpected-to-blame.html. Accessed February 7, 2019.

Schmollinger C, Polson J: British Petroleum expects to finish sealing ill-fated Macondo well today. Bloomberg Businessweek. 2010. Available at http://www.businessweek.com/news/2010-09-18/BritishPetroleum-expects-to-finish-sealing-ill-fated-macondo-welltoday.html. Accessed April 2, 2019.

Burdeau C: New discovery: Well beneath sunken rig off Louisiana has serious oil leak. The Associated Press. Available at http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/nationworld/2011695704_rig25.html. Accessed March 12, 2019.

Burdeau C: Oil cleanup at Gulf rig blast site delayed again. The Associated Press. 2010. Available at http://www.google.com/hostednews/ap/article/ALeqM5g5gnWbqZ9SqBHvSYqJeE2AT5KebwD9FA6D0O0. Accessed March 12, 2019.

CNN News: With Gulf oil well almost dead, what lies ahead. CNN News. 2000. Available at http://articles.cnn.com/2010-09-18/us/gulf.oil.disaster_1_blowout-preventer-chief-executive-tony-hayward-gulf-of-mexico-oil?_s=PM:US. Accessed March 29, 2019.

Murray M: Oil rig explosion injures workers and causes raging force off Louisiana coast. ABC World News. 2010. Available at http://abcnews.go.com/WN/oil-rigexplosion-drilling-rig-off-louisiana-coast/story?id=10437155. Accessed March 22, 2019.

Oil Gas Glossary: Blowout. Oil and Gas Field Technical Terms Glossary. 2010. Available at http://oilgasglossary.com/?s=blowout. Accessed February 27, 2019.

Occupational Safety and Health Administration: Well control. Occupational Safety and Health Administration. 2010. Available at http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/etools/oilandgas/drilling/wellcontrol.html. Accessed January 28, 2019.

Goddard J: Engineers build underwater dome to contain Gulf of Mexico oil spill. TimeOnline. Available at http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/environment/article7108909.ece. Accessed January 10, 2019.

Smith V, Breed A: Giant box could be key to bottling spill. The Associated Press. 2010. Available at http://www.2theadvocate.com/news/92838609.html?showAll=y&c=y. Accessed January 13, 2019.

Bolstad E, Washburn M, Lebovich J: 3 companies expected to blame each other for Gulf oil spill. Miami Herald. 2010. Available at http://www.miamiherald.com/2010/05/11/1623583/3-companiesexpected-to-blame.html. Accessed February 7, 2019.

Herron J: 2nd update: British Petroleum pursues many options to halt oil leak in US Gulf. The Wall Street Journal. 2010. Available at http://online.wsj.com/article_email/BT-CO-20100426-711156-kIyVDAtMUMwTzAtNDIwMDQxWj.html. Accessed January 20, 2019.

Morgan S: Oil services, drilling and equipment: Deep dive into the deepwater horizon incident. Morgan Stanley Research North America. 2010. Available at http://thehinsons.net/wp-content/uploads/2010/05/Horizon3_Deep_Dive_into_Deepwater_Horizon_Incident.pdf. Accessed March 12, 2019.

Urbina I: Conflict of interest worries raised in spill tests. The New York Times. 2010. Available at http://www.nytimes.com/2010/05/21/science/earth/21conflict.html. Accessed March 10, 2019.

Smith V, Breed A: Giant box could be key to bottling spill. The Associated Press. 2010. Available at http://www.2theadvocate.com/news/92838609.html?showAll=y&c=y. Accessed January 13, 2019.

Neaves T, Feierabend N, Butts C, et al.: A portrait of the delta: Enduring hope and despair. J Health Hum Serv Admin.. 2008; 31(1): 10-29.

de Blij H, Alexander A: Culture, society, and space, 7th ed. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley and Sons, 2000.

Weeks J: Population: An introduction to concepts and issues, 8th Ed Belmont, California: Thomson Learning, 2002.

Stoneall L: Country life, city life: Five theories of community. New York: Praeger, 1983.

Murphy B: Locating social capital in resilient community-level emergency management. Nat Hazards. 2007; 41(2): 297-315.

Murphy C: The occupational safety and health of Florida farm workers: Environmental injustice in the fields? J Health Hum Serv Admin. 2002; 25(3): 281-314.

Murphy-Greene C, Leip L: Assessing the effectiveness of executive order 12898: Environmental justice for all? Public Admin. Rev. 2002; 62(6): 650-658.

Gunningham N, Kagan RA, Thornton D: Social license and environmental protection: Why businesses go beyond compliance. Law Soc. 2004; 29(2): 307-342.

Posner EA, Vermuele A: Crisis governance in the administrative state: 9/11and the financial meltdown of 2008. John M. Olin Program in Law and Economics, 2008, Working Paper No. 442.

Paton D, Jackson D: Developing disaster management capability: An assessment centre approach. Disaster Prev Manage. 2002; 11(2): 115-122.

Cannon T: Vulnerability analysis and the explanation of “natural” disasters. In: Varley A, ed., Disasters, development and environment. Chichester, New York, Brisbane, Toronto, Singapore: John Wiley & Sons, 1994.

Groves R: Theories and methods of telephone surveys. Ann Rev Sociol. 1990; 16: 221-240.

Lenson J, Rodgers R: Cumulating the intellectual gold of case study research. Public Admin Rev. 2001; 61(2): 235-246.

Yin R: Case study research: Design and methods. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications, 2009.

Creswell JW: Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications, 2007.

Stake R: The art of case study research. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications, 1995.

de Vaus DA: Research design in social research. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications, 2001.

Dillman DA, Phelps G, Tortora R, et al.: Response rate and measurement differences in mixed-mode surveys using mail, telephone, interactive voice response (IVR) and the Internet. Soc Sci Res. 2009; 38(1): 1-18.

Brick JM, Kalton G. Handling missing data in survey research. Stat Methods Med Res. 1996; 5(3): 215-238.

Petak W: Emergency management: A challenge for public administration. Public Admin Rev. 1985; SI: 3-7.

Wallace W, DeBalough F: Decision support systems for disaster management. Public Admin Rev. 1985; SI: 134-146.

Weichselgartner J: Disaster mitigation: the concept of vulnerability revisited. Disaster Prev Manage. 2001; 10(2): 85-95.

deLeon P: The stages approach to the policy process: What has it done? Where is it going? In: Sabatier PA, ed.: Theories of the Policy Process. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1999, pp. 19-32.

Gregory R, McDaniels T, Fields D: Decision-aiding, not dispute resolution: Creating insights through structured environmental decisions. J Policy Anal Manage. 2001; 20: 415-432.

Henstra D: Evaluating local government emergency management programs: What framework should public managers adopt,” Public Admin Rev. 2010; 70(2): 236-246.

Vigoda E: From responsiveness to collaboration: Governance, citizens, and the next generation of public administration. Public Admin Rev. 2002; 62(5): 527-540.

Irvin R, Stansbury J: Citizen participation in decision making: Is it worth the effort? Public Admin Rev. 2004; 64(1): 55-65.

Page B, Shapiro R: Effects of public opinion on policy. Am Political Sci Rev. 1983; 77(1): 175-190.

Page B, Shapiro R, Dempsey G: What moves public opinion. Am Political Sci Rev. 1987; 81(1): 23-43.

Kurtz R: Coastal oil spill preparedness and response: The Morris J. Berman incident. Rev Policy Res. 2008; 25(5): 473-486.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.5055/jem.0511

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Emergency Management